Tracheotomy refers to the surgical opening of the trachea while tracheostomy refers to the creation of a
stoma at the skin surface, which leads to the trachea.
The history of surgical access to the airway is largely one of condemnation. This technique of slashing
the throat to save a life was known as semi-slaughter. However, once the technique was perfected as a
last resort in largely hopeless cases of diphtheria, the opportunities it offered for medical heroism
ensured its place in the surgical armamentarium, such that Fabricius could write in the 17th century,
“This operation redounds to the honor of the physician and places him on a footing with the Gods”.
Tracheostomy was performed in ancient Egypt and is one of the oldest surgical procedures. 1 Chevalier
Jackson described the principles of tracheostomy at the beginning of the 20 th century. 2
Tracheostomies may be temporary or permanent. A temporary tracheostomy may be used as a
permanent tracheostomy however there will still be a communication between the pharynx and the
lower airway via the larynx.
Given below are some powerpoint presentations on tracheostomy. some of them i found on internet and a few i uploaded myself.
Do share them for benefit of community
Tracheostomy Presentation for PG students
Care of Tracheostomy