Anesthesia For Laparoscopic Surgery
Laparoscopic surgery is a principle technique for minimally invasive surgery of the abdomen, and it has been employed in procedures ranging across multiple surgical disciplines. Gynecologic surgeries were among its first applications. The advantages of laparoscopy in comparison to open abdominal surgery include reduced surgical trauma, less pain, fewer post-operative pulmonary complications, and shorter recovery times.
To provide optimal surgical conditions for laparascopy, the abdominal organs must be adequately exposed and the laparascopic ports and instruments must be inserted safely and in proper position. This is achieved with a multi-part approach that includes decompression of the GI tract followed by establishment of general anesthesia, muscle relaxation, pneumoperitoneum, and Trendelenburg position.
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