Capnography Simplified


by rjjaramillo

Capnography (end-tidal CO2 monitoring) is a non-invasive measurement of carbon dioxide in exhaled air to assess a patients’ ventilatory status. It may also be referred to as partial pressure end tidal carbon dioxide monitoring (PETCO2). The end-tidal CO2 (EtCO2) level is a reflection of global CO2 production in the body. Cardiac function, pulmonary […]

Pregnancy with Mitral Stenosis – PG long Case

Pregnant patients are very commonly posted in PG and DNB exams as long case and are very much dreaded by the students as the viva can lead anywhere from pregnancy, anemia to cardiac surgery….. I have posted some very good online resources in this post. You can like our facebook page and keep getting […]

Anesthesia Vaporizers For PG Students

Most of the inhalational anesthetic agents in use today are liquids at atmospheric pressure and room temperature and must be converted into vapors before they can be used. A vaporizer (anesthetic agent or vapor delivery device) is a device that changes a liquid anesthetic agent into its vapor and adds a controlled amount of […]

Anesthesia Machines – Presentations for Students

Anaesthesia Machines have come a long way from the boyle’s apparatus in 1917 to the anaesthesia workstation of today. It has always been one of the most important topics in anaesthesia exams all over the globe.

Below are some powerpoint presentations on Anesthesia machines which i found on the Internet. i hope they will be […]

Difficult Airway Management Part -2 Guidelines

Part two of our feature on difficult airway management . Here i am posting guidelines from ASA, and a few more. Do post your comments in the section below.

A presentation on recognizing difficult airway

A Presentation on Airway anatomy and Management

Airway Management in intensive care Unit

A Chapter on Anticipated Difficult Airway

 Contents of Difficult Airway Trolley


An […]

Difficult Airway Management – Part 1- Presentations

Difficult airway

is defined as the clinical situation in which a conventionally trained anesthesiologist experiences difficulty with face mask ventilation of the upper airway, difficulty with tracheal intubation, or both.

It can be further described as follows
1. Difficult face mask ventilation:
(a) It is not possible for the anesthesiologist to provide adequate face mask ventilation due to […]

Preoperative Evaluation Guidelines

Preoperative assessment from isakakinada


European Society of Anesthesiologists Guidelines for Preoperative Evaluation

 NICE Guidelines for Preoperative Investigations

ASA Guidelines for Preoperative Fasting

Non Cardiac Surgery in a Patient with Heart Disease

Click For ASA Practice Advisory on Preoperative Evaluation

You may also like to read these……..


Perioperative Management of Diabetic Patient

Two Presentations on managing a diabetic patient in the operating room
Dr PSN Raju’s Presentation

Dr Rakesh Kumar’s Presentation

Some PDF Articles and guidelines on management of diabetic patient

Obstructive Jaundice – Anesthesia Management

Anesthesia Management in a Patient with Obstructive Jaundice
Dr MunishaAgarwal
Deptt. of Anaesthesiology
& Intensive Care
L N Hospital & Maulana
Azad Medical College Delhi

Another Presentation by Dr PSN Raju


Download PDF


Tracheotomy refers to the surgical opening of the trachea while tracheostomy refers to the creation of a
stoma at the skin surface, which leads to the trachea.

The history of surgical access to the airway is largely one of condemnation. This technique of slashing
the throat to save a life was known as semi-slaughter. However, once the […]